Category Archives: Hakology

Hakology Day 78: Blog Entry

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Hey you guys!! So a quick catch up, new tools installed in the garage ready for the new year, awaiting some blasting medium for my cabinet and I can finally get started. The reddit arduino / pi project is finished including checksums and far less glitchy code. I made some really stupid mistakes the first time round but it’s all a learning process. I’d kinda hoped I could just grab the checksum code, copy, paste and be done but I must have spent maybe 20-30 hours debugging, refining and analysing.

Next on the agenda is the clock I’ve been working on having issues loosing time have done a fair amount of reading on the module im using and think i’ve tracked down what the issue is, we shall see though, when I get some time to sit down and start coding.

Love my workshop at the moment too still needs some more work but it’s nice walking in to a tidy place to work with plenty of space. That said there’s still a hand glider hanging up in there which I’m thinking I probably need to get rid of b/c of space … yet its never been out of the bag since I bought it.

Anyway I’m waffling, have a great Christmas and new year etc. I shall see you on the other side. Hack all the things, drink all the tea, eat all the mince pies, read all the manuals, scan all the frequencies, log all the voltages and be safe!!
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Hakology Day 52 : Blog entry

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Finally finished putting it all together …
20161125_115209
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I have my lounge back in order now, have moved the unit to my landing, still not tested but everything is ready to go just waiting for a couple of friends to come and help me move it downstairs. Oh and its Friday so im going to take a few hours off from the hacking spree.
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Hakology Day 51 : Blog entry

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Off to pickup my new tools! 😀
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Just trying to decided the best plan of action now … if i should assemble in the garage in place or risk spending the day in the lounge putting it together to find it wont fit out through the front door hmmmmmm?
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Still deciding.
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75% built in the lounge … think its time to move it all down stairs and into the garage. (*btw im building a sand blasting cabinet sorry for being slightly cryptic)
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Time to get down to some coding.
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Hakology Project Notes : Python, RedditAPI, Arduino, RaspberryPi thing.

Over the last three weeks I’ve been playing with various breakout boards, microcontrollers and embedded linux. I’ve been trying to take time to learn how the technology works and how best to combine them to teach and produce something useful, different and entertaining. So this project initially started out when I was playing with the RTLSDR dongle, I thought it might be cool to display the messages as they got demodulated on a separate device that was dedicated to grabbing POCSAG messages, I slapped it all together, then when my son was over the other weekend we decided to modify the code to grab the top 25 articles from a given subreddit.

Eventually when I get time ill put together a video tutorial on setting this all up but in the meantime here are the notes …

You will need:

1 x Raspberry Pi model B.
1 x Wifi dongle or ethernet cable.
1 x Arduino deumilinove.
1 x USB lead (for serial communication with the arduino)
1 x USB lead (to power the RPi)
1 x USB Charger
1 x LED Matrix 8×8 x4 (I used the horizontal style layout)

So how does it work?
Its pretty simple really, the raspberry pi runs a small python script that grabs the top 25 articles from a predefined subreddit using the api (most of reddits api can be accessed just by post fixing .json to a lot of their URLS the data structures are also well documented and available on github.) The script strips out any weird characters as the JSON is returned in utf-8 format. A string is built containing the articles rank, total amount of upvotes and the article title. If the string is over 300 characters it gets trimmed and “…” appended to the end. The script creates a serial connection to the arduino (the device is usually addressable using /dev/ttyUSB0) The string is then sent to the arduino over serial. When the arduino receives a new string it displays it to the LED matrix after having scrolled any current messages.

What’s the python code?

Install and configure raspbian in the normal way. Before running the script make sure you have internet access otherwise the python script will fail when it trys to communicate with reddit. (todo: add better error handling.)
Python code – http://pastebin.com/shXyry5C
Copy the code in to a file called reddit.py to your home directory.
Edit the file so it points to the correct serial device.
nano reddit.py
If you’re unsure about the arduino serial port run
sudo ls /dev
Look for something like …
ttyUSB0
Edit the line in reddit.py where the serial communication is initialised ensure it matches the port for the arduino.
ser = serial.Serial('/dev/ttyUSB0','57600')
Save the file using …
ctrl+x
Make sure the file has execute permissions by issuing the following command …
chmod +x reddit.py
You can test the script by running it from the command line using the following command (*this needs to be run with superuser privs to access the serial port) …
sudo python reddit.py
Once you’re happy with the way the script is running you can make it autoboot with the pi by using the following command …
sudo crontab -e
If you are prompted which editor to use and are unsure use nano (option 2)
At the bottom of the file add the following line …
@reboot /local/bin/python /home/user/reddit.py
Save the file by pressing ctrl+x
Reboot and test your script is autoloading.

To display the messages on the matrix you’ll need to flash your arduino with a little code …

Wiring the arduino …
To connect the arduino to the matrix you will need to ensure you have the correct SPI pins as they differ between arduino boards the ones on the deumilinove are pins A4 and A5, A4 SDA and A5 SCL, you will also need to attach the CS (chip select) pin to pin number 13 on the arduino and also connect VCC to 5v and GND to GND on the arduino.

A4 to SDA
A5 to SCL
13 to CS
5v to VCC
GND to GND

(todo : will post a pic when i get time)

What’s the arduino code?
Arduino code – http://pastebin.com/pvkM2DUK
Copy and paste the arduino code in to your arduino IDE, you’ll also need to grab the md_max29xx library from git hub. (Download the zip file and unzip the files to your arduino IDE library folder usually /Documents/arduino-x.x.xx/libraries) This library is used to drive the LED matrix. Once you’ve installed the library you’ll have to specify how many matrices you are using in the arduino code. (How many LED matrix panels you will be displaying to my board had 4 8×8 LED panels.) Here’s the important bit though depending on what/where/who you bought your led matrix board from you might find you’ll have to edit way the arduino draws to the matrix otherwise you could be in for some very interesting results. This can be done in the md_max29xx lib folder. There are a few variables that define the matrix rotation and draw direction IE. right to left, left to right, top to bottom etc. You will need to play with these variables until you get the right combination for your matrix.

NB. When initially getting this running use the example grapicstest to make sure the leds are drawing as expected then flash the arduino reddit serial code once you have the library configured correctly.

Now all the hard work’s done
Once you’ve installed the library, edited the arduino code, updated the variables for the draw direction and successfully flashed the code, plug the arduino in to the raspberry pi and boot. There should be enough of a delay in the script to ensure the RPI has connected to your network before it makes its initial request.

If you have the arduino setup correctly you should see scrolling text on the matrix. “Waiting for serial data!” after a short while the rpi should connect and start displaying articles from reddit.

Concluding
Still yet to build an enclosure or decided how / where im going to use this yet but i’ve had fun making it. Initially getting the libraries setup and running correctly was by far the most frustrating part of this project writing / editing the code was pretty straight forward. There’s plenty of scope for improvement / modification too, if I get time I was thinking I’d get it to cycle multiple subreddits, but for the time being I’ve spent enough hours on this project.

NB. The original code running on the arduino was limited to 25 characters I’ve modified this to allow for messages up to 300 characters in length (the size of an article title from reddit) Since doing so some of the serial messages appear to glitch intermittently. I’ve been checking the code for errors but haven’t managed to pinpoint the problem yet. As far as I can tell the python code runs fine but there might be a problem when the arduino is receiving the serial messages. Possible solutions maybe change the baud rate and send the data slower or add a checksum. (*As suggested by advancednewbie) Example code an library for implementing a checksum. https://github.com/AdvancedNewbie/serialChecksum

IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING THIS PROJECT PLEASE PUT THEM IN THE COMMENTS ON THE YOUTUBE VBLOG EPISODE AT THE TOP OF THIS POST.

Hakology Day 49 : Blog Entry

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Had a nice early night last night. Woke up spark awake at 5.30 and couldn’t get back to sleep. So decided to make some breakfast have a brew. Loads to do, as you lot may know we’ve had some pretty bad storms in the UK recently and the weather has been particularly crap for this reason I’m avoiding sorting my garage out till it cheers up a little. I’ve got loads of little micro controller projects on the go just trying to condense what I’m learning into some useful videos / code. I’ll probably write up all the notes for the RPi reddit project later on today too with photo’s etc. Right peace BBL
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Well hakology need to record a VBLOG later had some new tech arrive, nothing too special, a new microcontroller (the smallest one yet), some adapters and a couple of transistors I need for an RF amplifier I’m looking at building. Need to go and get cleaned up though before I get messy, starting to grow one of those linux admin beards.
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Smallest microcontroller I’ve worked with yet …
2016-11-22-09-20-14
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Managed to get the arduino mini programmed using another arduino. Having issues trying to get the two boards working in unison the display draws, but I can’t seem to get the time from the RTC.
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2016-11-23-01-26-24
WORKING!
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Hakology Day 47 : Blog Entry

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Up bright and early this morning covered almost head to toe in fibre glass insulation. Rearranging the loft to start putting some temporary flooring up there. Also want to reposition my discone and dig through some of the old tech. I was thinking about trying to pull my old acorn electron down and making a short vblog on it see if I could power it up etc … 1985 vintage … 26 year old capacitors hmmmm ? 🙂
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Six hours later and I’ve used all the floor boards I have. Still a long way to go but its a start. Completely knackered going to have a rest and contemplate my next job.
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Hakology Day 46 – Blog Entry

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Today was spent tinkering with the FM transmitter. I swapped out my initial 150cm half wave wire antenna for a 165cm solid core half wave, fashioned a crude battery pack from two D cells some wire and duct tape. After modifying the battery pack I moved the transmitter to the loft and went and did a little range check. The modifications possibly boosted the signal by 20-30 meters. In total line of sight I think roughly 200 / 250 meters reach which isn’t too shabby. FM needs a lot more power to extend range and I think the circuits good to 12v and is currently running at around 3v will do a little more reading before I start experimenting with different power supplies and voltages, also want to check the data sheet for the transistors.
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Hakology Day 45 : Blog Entry

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Woke up very late today but respectively I had a very late night last night, tweaking the rpi/reddit/python/arduino project. Im having issues with serial communication somewhere there’s a few bits / bytes being lost? It very irregular and after a little bit of debugging I think its either the serial message get out of sync and missed part of the message or the arduino is rejecting certain characters. The reddit API JSON comes utf-8 encoded and needs converting to ASCII before I send it to the arduino, I’m processing the string to remove and replace irregular characters, I’m going to try changing the baud rate later see if this has an impact.

RE. Wardriving idk if it was where I had the GPS dongle positioned in the car but the GPS co-ords I converted to KML where ALL OVER THE PLACE so maybe its down to kismet and the –use-nmea-gps option this is the only thing I’ve really changed since I last went out. (Regardless of GPS I still managed to get some good data.)

The LED matrix project is looking very slick now, apart from the serial message issues I’m pretty darn happy with it.

Managed to get my keyboard in the post this morning on its way back to the manufacturer for the second time, think I’ve mentioned this before but, really hope they get it right this time (I’ve even requested they send me a different model this time round.) *fingers crossed*
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[1813]
Chores done thinking about doing a vblog assembling a small FM transmitter I purchased from ebay. Will try and get the next main hakology video done first though.
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Im only rendering the sdr# video! … still dont have the perfect solution for screen capture but its done now … the audio is terrible near the start next time will record on another device as noise supression appears to be playing hell with my laptop capture, meh, its done now time to move on and not make that mistake in future.
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Todays VBLOG I made an FM transmitter from a small kit I purchased on ebay. Just rendering the video and preparing to upload it. This by far was the most enjoyable vblog I’ve done so far may be more to come like it.
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